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Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala / The chained become victim to cowards

Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala / The chained become victim to cowards

Pigment Print on Photo Fiba

70x50 cm

Editions 2-15 available

2011

obotshiweyo-uyinto-youkudlala-nakwigwala_2.png
Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle 

Installation View

2016

(Izizathu, Greatmore Gallery, 2016)

Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle (Installation view detail)

Engraving on Pine Wood with Gold Leaf and Enamel Paint

151 x 58 cm

2016

Obothsiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

Obothsiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

Archival Print on Hahnemuhle Photo Rag

90x60 cm
Edition of 10

2018

On 7 September 1992 the tripartite alliance of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade Unions arranged a march of 80 000 demonstrators to be held from King William’s Town in South Africa to Bhisho in Ciskei. Chris Hani is reported to have said: ‘We are going to Bhisho to remove President de Klerk’s kitchen boy’

At its culmination at Bhisho Stadium, soldiers of the Ciskei Defence Force opened fire on the demonstrators, killing 28 marchers and one soldier, and wounding a further 200. Later a twenty-ninth marcher succumbed to his wounds.

The march was led by leaders of the alliance - Ronnie Kasrils (Head of military intelligence in Umkhonto weSizwe and later the South African Deputy Minister of Defence and Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry), Steve Tshwete (later South African Minister of Safety and Security), Chris Hani, Raymond Suttner, Cyril Ramaphosa, Smuts Ngonyama and Tokyo Sexwale (all members of the National Executive Committee of the ANC), John Gomomo (President of COSATU), Harry Gwala (a member of the ANC, Kwa Zulu), Linda Mti (Chairperson of the Eastern Cape ANC), and Mluleki George (President of UDF).

In its report issued in 1996 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission found that the break-out through the gap in the perimeter fence of the stadium (which triggered the events that led to the shooting) was taken pursuant to a decision by the leadership of the march.

This decision and its execution were, so the finding continues, in contravention of the court order (not to go beyond Bhisho Stadium) and exhibited a lack of prudence. It contributed to the volatile and unpredictable situation prevailing at the time and elicited the illegal response of the CDF. The leadership of the march must, so the finding continues, therefore be held partially accountable for the gross human rights violations that followed. The commission also held that Brigadier Gqozo, in his capacity as head of Ciskei and the CDF, was accountable for the violations.

Lastly, the CDF was similarly liable, especially as the troops were issued with weapons and ammunition which were not suited for crowd control, and furthermore, they failed to fire warning shots. The commission granted indemnity to all persons involved in the massacre, save for Lieutenant Colonel Mkosana and Rifleman Gonya.

Excerpts from:

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, Volume,3

The rule of Brigadier Oupa Gqozo in Ciskei: 04 March 1990 to 22 March 1994, Colin Stewart White, 2008

Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

AP Edition of 3
Archival Print on Hahnemuhle Photo
100 X 60 cm
2018

”Ibe ngakhabalaza izam’ ukuqhawula

Kwathethwa ngeziniya. Ijonge nangasemva

Iba iyaxakisa koko kuthiwe “Betha”

Obotshiwey’ uyinto yokudlala kwigwala

Kuba ndikubonile ukwenziwa komkhonzi

Kwinkatyana yedyokwe”

Ukwenziwa komkhonzi - JJR Jolobe (1951-1976)

Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala / The chained become victim to cowards

Pigment Print on Photo Fiba

70x50 cm

Editions 2-15 available

2011

Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle 

Installation View

2016

(Izizathu, Greatmore Gallery, 2016)

Isizathu Esihle

Isizathu Esihle (Installation view detail)

Engraving on Pine Wood with Gold Leaf and Enamel Paint

151 x 58 cm

2016

Obothsiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

Archival Print on Hahnemuhle Photo Rag

90x60 cm
Edition of 10

2018

On 7 September 1992 the tripartite alliance of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade Unions arranged a march of 80 000 demonstrators to be held from King William’s Town in South Africa to Bhisho in Ciskei. Chris Hani is reported to have said: ‘We are going to Bhisho to remove President de Klerk’s kitchen boy’

At its culmination at Bhisho Stadium, soldiers of the Ciskei Defence Force opened fire on the demonstrators, killing 28 marchers and one soldier, and wounding a further 200. Later a twenty-ninth marcher succumbed to his wounds.

The march was led by leaders of the alliance - Ronnie Kasrils (Head of military intelligence in Umkhonto weSizwe and later the South African Deputy Minister of Defence and Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry), Steve Tshwete (later South African Minister of Safety and Security), Chris Hani, Raymond Suttner, Cyril Ramaphosa, Smuts Ngonyama and Tokyo Sexwale (all members of the National Executive Committee of the ANC), John Gomomo (President of COSATU), Harry Gwala (a member of the ANC, Kwa Zulu), Linda Mti (Chairperson of the Eastern Cape ANC), and Mluleki George (President of UDF).

In its report issued in 1996 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission found that the break-out through the gap in the perimeter fence of the stadium (which triggered the events that led to the shooting) was taken pursuant to a decision by the leadership of the march.

This decision and its execution were, so the finding continues, in contravention of the court order (not to go beyond Bhisho Stadium) and exhibited a lack of prudence. It contributed to the volatile and unpredictable situation prevailing at the time and elicited the illegal response of the CDF. The leadership of the march must, so the finding continues, therefore be held partially accountable for the gross human rights violations that followed. The commission also held that Brigadier Gqozo, in his capacity as head of Ciskei and the CDF, was accountable for the violations.

Lastly, the CDF was similarly liable, especially as the troops were issued with weapons and ammunition which were not suited for crowd control, and furthermore, they failed to fire warning shots. The commission granted indemnity to all persons involved in the massacre, save for Lieutenant Colonel Mkosana and Rifleman Gonya.

Excerpts from:

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, Volume,3

The rule of Brigadier Oupa Gqozo in Ciskei: 04 March 1990 to 22 March 1994, Colin Stewart White, 2008

Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II

AP Edition of 3
Archival Print on Hahnemuhle Photo
100 X 60 cm
2018

”Ibe ngakhabalaza izam’ ukuqhawula

Kwathethwa ngeziniya. Ijonge nangasemva

Iba iyaxakisa koko kuthiwe “Betha”

Obotshiwey’ uyinto yokudlala kwigwala

Kuba ndikubonile ukwenziwa komkhonzi

Kwinkatyana yedyokwe”

Ukwenziwa komkhonzi - JJR Jolobe (1951-1976)

I.E.S.U_descriptors7.png
Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala / The chained become victim to cowards
obotshiweyo-uyinto-youkudlala-nakwigwala_2.png
Isizathu Esihle
Isizathu Esihle
Obothsiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II
Obotshiweyo uyinto yokudlala kwigwala II